|B - BREATHING
Once the airway has been cleared,
check if the casualty is breathing.
STEP 1 - Check for breathing. Look, feel
STEP 2 - If the casualty is breathing, leave them in the
Lateral (sideward) position.
STEP 3 - Monitor and manage shock, bleeding and any other
STEP 4 - If the casualty is not breathing, support the
head and neck, then roll onto their back and give 5 full
breaths in 10 seconds.
EXPIRED AIR RESUSCITATION (EAR)
Start EAR if the causality is not breathing.
EAR is also called mouth-to-mouth.
There are three methods of EAR:
Turn the casualty to his side to clear
the airway before starting EAR
Mouth to Mouth
STEP 1 - Turn the casualty onto his back
STEP 2 - Tilt the head back slightly and lift the jaw
STEP 3 - Pinch the casualty’s nostrils with thumb
and finger to seal the nose.
STEP 4- Take a deep breath and breathe into the casualty's
STEP 5 - Remove lips. Allow chest to fall. Turn your head
to the side to check if the chest is rising and falling
after each inflation
STEP 6 - If chest does not rise, check the angle of the
head then check the airway. If the stomach rises, decrease
the amount of breath.
STEP 7- Give 5 full breaths in 10 seconds, then check
the carotid (neck) pulse
STEP 8 - If pulse is present, commence EAR at the rate
of 15 breaths per minute.
Mouth to Nose
This is done if there is an injury in
STEP 1 - Tilt the casualty's head back
STEP 2- Close the casualty's mouth.
STEP 3 - Take a deep breath and breathe into the casualty's
STEP 4- Take your mouth away and open the casualty's mouth.
STEP 5- Give 5 full breaths in 10 seconds
STEP 6- Check the carotid (neck) pulse. If pulse is present,
commence EAR at the rate of 15 breaths per minute.